Three months almost to the day after the attack in Nice, François Hollande, has to visit the city this Saturday for a tribute to the victims. The ceremony will take place on the hills of Nice, near the Promenade des Anglais.
Saturday, Hollande must pay tribute to the victims Nice July 14, three months after the attack and the violent polemics on security vulnerabilities and ways of combating terrorism.
Requested by the Nice and victims associations who helped organize the ceremony, scheduled to begin at 11:00 am, should have taken symbolically Friday three months to the day after the attack the truck ram on the Promenade des Anglais the evening of fireworks, but it was postponed 24 hours due to atrocious weather.
In a climate weighed down by his unpopularity and the announcement repeated the French that the attack would not be the last, Holland will have the difficult task of offering to the bereaved and injured many a moment of meditation and national unity in a city Sarkozy is also a stronghold. Four days after the tragedy, Prime Minister Manuel Valls had been copiously booed at a rally for a minute of silence.
Christian Estrosi, Deputy Prime LR for mayor of Nice and President of the Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur promised absolute dignity – “whether for the victims, for Nice or France,” a-t- he said Monday.
A private ceremony near the Promenade des Anglais
In total, nearly 2500 people are expected for the ceremony closed to the public. Around the head of state, only members of the government, elected officials, foreign delegations, 200 bereaved families, and over 1000 victims and shocked people were invited to the Castle Hill which rises in sea near the Old Nice.
The names of the 86 victims who died, nearly a third of Muslim people, will be read, and a white rose will be made to each of them by students. Fifteen children or teenagers died on 14 July. Fifteen injured are still hospitalized in France and abroad.
Besides the French, 19 nationalities were hit. The French Riviera receives 11 million tourists each year, half from abroad. economically penalized by the attack, Nice hoteliers and taxis offered free victim came to the tribute.
The bomber, Mohamed Lahouaiej Bouhlel , a Tunisian based in Nice for over ten years, had hired a heavy truck and spotted the previous day areas. At this point, investigators have not established a direct link with the Islamic State group claimed responsibility.
For several years, the authorities are aware of the danger to Nice and its region. In 2014 already, a note from the Directorate General of Internal Security (RPS) indicated that an attack aimed at the Nice Carnival was foiled. In recent years, the Mediterranean city faces the ever growing number of radicalized to the point of becoming a “city laboratory” to detect and treat the radicalization . In official data identifying individuals related sectors jihadists in Syria, people from the Alpes-Maritimes, and Nice in particular, are at the top of the table, rivaling in number with those from Seine-Saint-Denis.
Nice, the city’s number one French recruiters
In recent months, the city has been the scene of several juvenile arrests back from Syria bound for Turkey. In 2015, Christian Estrosi, then the mayor of the city, estimated that a hundred people in the Nice area were regimented in jihadist networks.
These frequent departures are partly explained by the fact that the city is home recruiters of candidates for jihad. Among them Omsen Omar, a former boss converted to Salafism, is known to French intelligence services to be one of the main suppliers of french jhadistes to Syria. This French from Senegal 41 years became famous in 2012 with his video series “documentaries” 19HH – for the 19 terrorists of September 11, 2001 and the twin towers of the World Trade Center. Since 2010, the recruiter enlisted dozens of young people in Nice with his sermons at the foot of the towers neighborhoods. In 2013, he founded his Syria katiba (brigade) composed of dozens of young people Nice.
Elected on a war footing
Faced with this threat, local officials quickly set up a massive security policy. The former mayor of the Republicans party, Christian Estrosi, Nice is one of the most equipped cities for safety. The city now owns the record for most number of surveillance cameras in France, one for 360 inhabitants. It also has the largest municipal police workforce with 380 agents, one for 902 inhabitants.
And the fifth city in France pampers its police. They are equipped with firearms fourth category (defense weapons and ammunition), Flash-Ball or knives. They also have the taser taser, whose port was again authorized by decree. Recently, the former elected official campaigning for the camera set-up equipped with facial recognition system.
The town also has its own team with psychologists, its lawyers and its report number to meet the families who are starting one of their own to Syria . Only problem: all these devices prove ineffective. Nice and reaches the 401st position out of 408 in terms of property crimes and 389th in terms of violence to people. Thursday, July 14, the security arsenal has not helped to thwart the attack that hit the city in his heart.